The ocean is an essential source of the human economy. By 2030, the ocean industry will employ approximately 40 million people. The protection of the sea is one of the critical responsibilities of humanity. The United Nations will hold a virtual event, “World Ocean Day,” on June 8, 2021. The theme of “Ocean: Life and Livelihood” reminds humans to pay more attention to the conservation of the ocean.
New York (ADH News) – The Covid-19 pandemic has made countries pay more and more attention to the ecological conservation and ocean protection of the Earth. The Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea (DOALOS) will hold a virtual celebration of “World Ocean Day” on June 8, 2021. Through the forum and the UN WOD Photo Competition, humans can understand the diversity of the ocean. And create sustainable livelihoods.
Plastic trash is one of the pollution sources of oceans. It not only causes marine life to die by accidental eating or being entangled but also may endanger human health. A large number of poorly managed plastic trash enter the environment of oceans every year, unable to be decomposed by bacteria, and eventually become microplastics (plastic fragments less than 5 mm, or about 0.2 inches, in diameter). The American Chemical Society (ACS) report stated that The researchers analyzed 47 human tissue samples by mass spectrometry, and these samples were found to have monomers or plastic constituents. Animals and humans can ingest the particles, with uncertain health consequences.
The report published by Ocean Conservancy pointed out that food wrappers were the most common waste in the International Coastal Ocean Cleanup in 2019, with nearly 9.42 million kg collected worldwide. Food wrappers and cigarette butts are the top two in the ranking of marine garbage, with a total of almost 9 million pieces. From these data, it is not difficult to find that as long as humans throw rubbish into the trash can and do not litter cigarette butts everywhere, the amount of rubbish in the sea will be greatly reduced.
50% of the Earth’s oxygen and most living things come from the ocean, but human pollution and destruction caused 90% of significant fish populations to deplete and 50% of coral reefs destroyed. United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres urged: “As we work to end the pandemic and build back better, we have a once in a generation opportunity-and responsibility-to correct our relationship with the natural world, including the world’s seas and oceans.”
The ocean covers more than 70% of the earth and supports the life of mankind and all other creatures on the earth. Humans have the responsibility to protect the ocean and maintain ecological balance. The marine conservation group-Blue Ocean recommends the following ten things:
- Mind Your Carbon Footprint and Reduce Energy Consumption.
- Make safe, sustainable seafood choices.
- Use fewer plastic products.
- Help take care of the beach.
- Don’t purchase items that exploit marine life.
- Be an Ocean-Friendly Pet Owner.
- Support organizations working to protect the ocean.
- Influence community change through your choices.
- Travel the ocean responsibly.
- Say no to dolphin shows.
Through various activities and knowledge sharing, people’s awareness of the environmental protection of the ocean has been raised. Many governments and environmental groups hold activities such as beach cleaning and charitable running, hoping to take this opportunity to call on mankind to protect the ocean, understand the rich value of the ocean, and attach importance to issues such as global pollution and excessive consumption of fish resources.